WWII Cartoon at Lit lounge exhibition
Saturday, March 28, 2020
The black text is what I sent to Marilyn Walton, who with Mike Eberhardt, has published two books and a Stalag III research center in Zagen, Poland to tell about POWs in German camps. Marilyn’s response in red type says dad was shot down three days after Stalag III prisoners were marched away from the advancing Red Army to Stalag VIIA.
These are overview photos of XIIID See POW “signs” to allied airforce
This is what dad and I came up with for his 1945 experience in Germany: Lieutenant Wm. Franklin McMahon had a second mission (US Army Airforce 303 Bombers Group) to target Mannheim, and after two missions to target Merseberg Germany, His 16th bombing mission (the second mission to Mannheim), subbing with another bomber group in a B17 named “Red” was shot down in Pirmasens, Germany. They were interrogated in Durchgangslager der Lutwaffe (shortened to Dulagluft, a Luftwaffe interrogation center). He saw his crew(they parachuted out separately and landed in different areas) in a Dulagluft in the town of Oberursel, a northern part of Frankfurt. along the Rhine. I remember dad saying during his forced march, he spent time in a Nuremberg building that we stayed in as a youth hostel in ’71.
Stalag XIII-D Nürnberg Langwasser was a German Army World War II prisoner-of-war camp built on what had been the Nazi party rally grounds in Nuremberg, northern Bavaria. Oflag (just means officer’s camp – same as Stalag) XIIIA was a former camp for French POWs, and it was also on the rally grounds, but it had been initially closed in 1941. They must have reopened it in 1945 for the overflow from XIIID. It was adjacent to Stalag XIIID.
Stalag Luft III is where my father and Mike’s were held. They had to march to trains in Spremberg, Germany, and endure a horrendous 3 day, 4 night trip in overcrowded box cars. They went directly to Stalag VIIA in Moosburg. West Compound of SLIII went to the camp in Nuremberg and then marched to Moosburg. Your father went down very late in the war. He went down 3 days after SLIII was evacuated for their march. So he must have been taken directly from interrogation in Dulag Luft to XIIID in Nuremberg, probably by train. When he got there, he was in with over 2000 men from SLIII’s West Compound. (It had 5 compounds.
From Stalag XIIID (This had been a POW camp for Italian POWs previously, and absolutely filthy and too close to a bombing target of Nuremberg’s train station.) he marched over 100 miles to Stalag VIIA in Moosberg and near Dachau. Stalag XIII A was also mentioned, but it is not clear to me how it fit in? Any ideas?
This march will be featured in Hanks/Spielberg’s new miniseries, Masters of the Airon Apple t.v. complete with the strafings. I am a script consultant for the series. The weather on the march was more rain than snow when they first started out. Then it got sunny and warmer. Many men escaped as the German guards just didn’t care anymore. They knew the war was over for them and they had lost. Many German homes along the way welcomed the marchers and shared meals with them. The march from SLIII was bitterly cold and blizzard like. Third day in, it was more rain and slush and had warmed also, and that would have been early Feb. by the time that column which stretched for 20 miles got to Moosburg.
These are Gramma Mac’s postcards from her European tour including Bavaria where dad has been a POW. And a response postcard from friends who said she was on a European tour in 1956, a year before we moved to Spain:
Two books by Marilyn and Mike,
Commander to Captive and Interrogation to Liberation
Ordering from Mike directly funds the SLVII research center
Michael C. Eberhardt
6006 Club Oaks Drive
Dallas, Texas 75248
Sunday, February 9, 2020
RESIST! Wm. Franklin McMahon
Scheduled 2019 Exhibitions
History Center of Lake Forest-Lake Bluff January 2019
Euclid Church, Oak Park for Black History
Princeton University Special Collections, March 2019
Oak Park History Museum, through June 2020
Northwestern Law School, September 2019 -March 2020
Margot's CLC Reading at Cliffdwellers, 1968 Happened December
Friday, May 11, 2018
In conjunction with Oak Park Art League's
Art for Social Change: Sanctuary National Postcard Exhibition
In recognition of the 50th Anniversary of the Fair Housing Ordinance (1968)
and addressing current Sanctuary City political rhetoric, the Oak Park Art League presents postcards from artists that explore legislative policies of past and present that support diversity, inclusion, racial equity and human rights.
May 11-June 1, 2018 7-9 pm
Preview Party May 10, 2018 7-9 pm
Opening Reception May 11, 2018 7-9 pm
Oak Park Art League
720 Chicago Ave, Oak Park 60302